Situs Belajar Text Inggris, Speaking English, dan Test Listening English

What is Descriptive Text?

Posted by Memahami Teks Bahasa Inggris on 10 February 2008

Jka Anda mencari kumpulan contoh text descriptive, lihat di akhir  post ini dalam related post of descriptive text. Untuk mengingat kembali apa itu text descriptive, akan lebih baik kalau kita baca dulu apa itu text descriptive

The Definition and Purpose of Descriptive Text
Descriptive text is a text which say what a person or a thing is like. Its purpose is to describe and reveal a particular person, place, or thing.

The Generic Structure of Descriptive Text
Descriptive text has structure as below:
Identification; identifying the phenomenon to be described.
Description; describing the phenomenon in parts, qualities, or/and characteristics.

The Language Feature of Descriptive Text
Using attributive and identifying process.
Using adjective and classifiers in nominal group.
Using simple present tense

Blog, Updated at: 2/10/2008 06:13:00 PM


  1. Thank you very much.
    It helped me a lot.
    I don't get to understand the "Identification", Could you please give an example?
    When saying "attributive", what do you mean?
    THanks again from Spain.

  2. Dear Guy, since descriptive tex is describing a specific thing, we need to identify which particular thing we want to discuss in the text. Structuring Identification is necessary in order to avoid having general statement/clasification which belongs to report text. Identification introduces the main particular topic of the text.
    Attributive belongs to grammar term. We know adjective such as "old" to modify noun. When the adjective is used to construct a sentence/phrase, the adjective can be attributive or predicative. The man is old and the old man is my neighbour, the first old is called predicative and the second is attributive.
    However if you get other idea, it will be my pleasure if you let me know for better understanding. Thank for dropping by

  3. Thank YOU! Now everything is clear for me!

    I would also like to say that trying to know about the different types of texts, I didn't know the distribution that you did, but the basic 5 kinds: descriptive, narrative, expositive, argumentative and instructive.

    Thank you!
    There is always something new to be learnt.
    CU from Valencia, Spain.

  4. Guy, I totally agree with you that there are a lot new things to be learnt. When we have learnt the new thing, it will become the old one and still the are the other new ones outside waiting to be learnt.
    Again thank you, thanks the beautiful famous valencia..

  5. well, I agree with your opinion about descriptive,but one thing I wonder why do all state that descriptive texts always use simple present tense? I've ever read a descriptive text with past tense

  6. Thank fort the comment in this what descriptive text. however that language feature is just dominant language pattern, maybe the post which was made tow years ago need corrected and updated. Descriptive text can be formed in PAST TENSE like the example of descriptive text in CLEOPATRA, the text mostly is composed in past tense because Cleopatra lived in the past time

  7. thx for helping me to understand what is a discriptive text means!!
    thx again!!
    from lebanon

  8. Defining descriptive text is sometime confusing with what is report text. Both descriptive text and report tell what is the thing is. However descriptive text tend to focus to certain participant while report describe the participant in general

  9. descriptive can b informative. Am i right??????

  10. I think so. A descriptive text can be a form of informative text. I have read some notes about it.
    According to yahoo answer, informative text is not a genre, it is just a piece of writing which inform knowledge and data. Informative text is excluded from the text types which we have been studying.
    According to 45 language, informative text is commonly composed in patterns of;Title, pictures with caption, sub heading, paragraph, non-fiction, interesting boxes, facts, easy to understand, set it nicely, staying in the subject, no repetition, simple.
    So since some types of text are functionally informing, such as; descriptive, report,explanation, procedure, they can be in form of informative text.
    Thank for ur coming, if u have another idea about what is and how informative text composed, I will be very happy to know it

  11. im doing a research about descriptive text, and i want to know the Importance of Teaching Reading Descriptive Text???

  12. @anonym, in what element do yo make a research about descriptive text? Structure, language feature or purpose? Many said that the ability to describe thing and people is the main element of speaker and writer belong to present their idea.That is why students should learn how to describe and in vivid detail about thing and person as they ara

  13. Thanks so much for this information. Basically, this helps a lot since I know what descriptive text is but I don't know the theory. Thanks to you because I am now able to present a presentation about this more confidently though I still need examples for each.
    Overall, you're good! Thanks a lot!


  14. Ohh, since everyone was publishing his country, let me. Thanks a lot, from Indonesia!!!


  15. Thank you very much for the information. It is very useful for me as an English teacher because I can get a lot of texts as my teaching materials. I hope there will be functional texts too. See you later.

    Yours Sincerely,

    Ririn smasapo

  16. @Ririn, I have planed to make posts of some functional texts such as invitation, letter, memo, brochure, pamphlet, banner etc. You are right completing this text types posts with some functional texts will be more helpful for students and teacher in learning English, especially in high school. Hopefully the functional texts will be published soon

  17. thank you very much for this posting. it helps me much in understanding about descriptive text. i am a teacher of English and this such information is very helpful to broaden our knowledge about the types of text in English. i wish more information will be presented.


    Palopo, Indonesia

  18. Thank's a lot.this is make I understand about descriptive text

  19. SomeRandomLonelyGuy27/5/13 10:00 PM

    My teacher says that descriptive writing "utilizes" the five tenses and make them into a story
    In the first paragraph the viewer is watching from a distance
    The second paragraph the view is now more closer to the object and then details become more clearer
    The third paragraph the viewer in now closer up/ inside the object
    For this ill take the e.g. of a haunted house
    Last paragraph the user is leaving the scene
    Then the end :D
    I hope this made everyone doubts
    Love from the city of malls
    Btw My name is Ricardo Quadras

  20. Thank you for your blog....!!

  21. who knows the definition of text complete with the expert...

  22. thank you very much for this kind of article. it is so useful for my research that I am doing now. the topic is analysis of grammatical error in descriptive text.
    thanks a lot. now I have more information to be presented in my thesis proposal seminar next 2 week.
    hopefully, I'll be lucky.
    thx admin :)

    Malang - Indonesia


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