Situs Belajar Text Inggris, Speaking English, dan Test Listening English

English TEXT TYPES; Complete Summary

Posted by Memahami Teks Bahasa Inggris on 20 September 2013

Jenis Text ini{UPDATE + link Contoh} dalam pelajaran bahasa Inggris dibedakan setidaknya 13 macam. Pembagian ini umumnya didasarkan pada tujuan comunicative, generic structure, dan ciri-ciri kebahasaan. Kaitanya dengan belajar bahasa Inggris berbasis teks, pembahasan ke 13 jenis teks ini di kenal dengan istilah learning Enlish through text-based approach.
Text types bahasa Inggris sekolah menengah
Type of text: Flickr
Based on generic structure and language feature dominantly used, texts are divided into several types. They are narrative, recount, descriptive, report, explanation, analytical exposition, hortatory exposition, procedure, discussion, review, anecdote, spoof, and news item. These variations are known as GENRES.

Jenis Teks 1: NARRATIVE
penjabaran narrative text bahasa inggris

Purpose:
To amuse/entertain the readers and to tell a story
Generic Structure:
1. Orientation
2. Complication
3. Resolution
4. Reorientation
Dominant Language Features:
1. Using Past Tense
2. Using action verb
3. Chronologically arranged
Contoh Narrative Text:
16 contoh narrative text

Jenis Teks 2: RECOUNT
Purpose:
To retell something that happened in the past and to tell a series of past event
Generic Structure:
1. Orientation
2. Event(s)
3. Reorientation
Dominant Language Features:
1. Using Past Tense
2. Using action verb
3. Using adjectives
Contoh Recount Text:
8 contoh recount text

Narrative and recount in some ways are similar. Both are telling something in the past so narrative and recount usually apply PAST TENSE; whether Simple Past Tense, Simple Past Continuous Tense, or Past Perfect Tense. The ways narrative and recount told are in chronological order using time or place. Commonly narrative text is found in story book; myth, fable, folklore, etc while recount text is found in biography.

The thing that makes narrative and recount different is the structure in which they are constructed. Narrative uses conflicts among the participants whether natural conflict, social conflict or psychological conflict. In some ways narrative text combines all these conflicts. In the contrary, we do not find these conflicts inside recount text. Recount applies series of event as the basic structure

Jenis Teks 3: DESCRIPTIVE
Purpose:
To describe a particular person, place or thing in detail.
Dominant Generic Structure:
1. Identification
2. Description
Language Features:
1. Using Simple Present Tense
2. Using action verb
3. Using adverb
4. Using special technical terms
Contoh Descriptive Text:
9 contoh descriptive text

Jenis Teks 4: REPORT
penjabaran jenis teks report bahasa inggris

Purpose:
To presents information about something, as it is.
Generic Structure:
1. General classification
2. Description
Dominant Language Feature:
1. Introducing group or general aspect
2. Using conditional logical connection
3. Using Simple Present Tense
Contoh Report Text:
10 contoh report text

Jenis Teks 5: EXPLANATION
Purpose:
To explain the processes involved in the formation or working of natural or socio-cultural phenomena.
Generic Structure:
1. General statement
2. Explanation
3. Closing
Dominant Language Features:
1. Using Simple Present Tense
2. Using action verbs
3. Using passive voice
4. Using noun phrase
5. Using adverbial phrase
6. Using technical terms
7. Using general and abstract noun
8. Using conjunction of time and cause-effect.
Contoh Explanation Text:
16 contoh explanation text

Jenis Teks 6: ANALYTICAL EXPOSITION
Purpose:
To reveal the readers that something is the important case
Generic Structure:
1. Thesis
2. Arguments
3. Reiteration/Conclusion
Dominant Language Features:
1. Using modals
2. Using action verbs
3. Using thinking verbs
4. Using adverbs
5. Using adjective
6. Using technical terms
7. Using general and abstract noun
8. Using connectives/transition
Contoh Analytical Exposition Text:
12 contoh analytical exposition

Jenis Teks 7: HORTATORY EXPOSITION
Purpose:
To persuade the readers that something should or should not be the case or be done
Generic Structure:
1. Thesis
2. Arguments
3. Recommendation
Dominant Language Features:
1. Using Simple Present Tense
2. Using modals
3. Using action verbs
4. Using thinking verbs
5. Using adverbs
6. Using adjective
7. Using technical terms
8. Using general and abstract noun
9. Using connectives/transition
Contoh Hortatory Exposition Text:
Kumpulan contoh hortatory text

Then what is the basic difference between analytical and hortatory exposition. In simple word. Analytical is the answer of "How is/will" while hortatory is the answer of "How should". Analytical exposition will be best to describe "How will student do for his examination? The point is the important thing to do. But for the question" How should student do for his exam?" will be good to be answered with hortatory. It is to convince that the thing should be done

Jenis Teks 8: PROCEDURE
Purpose:
To help readers how to do or make something completely
Generic Structure:
1. Goal/Aim
2. Materials/Equipments
3. Steps/Methods
Dominant Language Features:
1. Using Simple Present Tense
2. Using Imperatives sentence
3. Using adverb
4. Using technical terms
Contoh Procedure Text:
Kumpulan contoh procedure text

Jenis Teks 9: DISCUSSION
Purpose:
To present information and opinions about issues in more one side of an issue (‘For/Pros’ and ‘Against/Cons’)
Generic Structure:
1. Issue
2. Arguments for and against
3. Conclusion
Dominant Language Features:
1. Using Simple Present Tense
2. Use of relating verb/to be
3. Using thinking verb
4. Using general and abstract noun
5. Using conjunction/transition
6. Using modality
7. Using adverb of manner
Contoh Discussion Text:
6 contoh discussion text

Jenis Teks 10: REVIEW
Purpose:
To critique or evaluate an art work or event for a public audience
Dominant Generic Structure:
1. Orientation
2. Evaluation
3. Interpretative Recount
4. Evaluation
5. Evaluative Summation
Dominant Language Features:
1. Focus on specific participants
2. Using adjectives
3. Using long and complex clauses
4. Using metaphor
Contoh Review Text:
Movie 2012

Jenis Teks 11: ANECDOTE
Purpose:
To share with others an account of an unusual or amusing incident
Generic Structure:
1. Abstract
2. Orientation
3. Crisis
4. Reaction
5. Coda.
Dominant Language Features:
1. Using exclamations, rhetorical question or intensifiers
2. Using material process
3. Using temporal conjunctions
Contoh Anecdote Text:
Blessing behind tragedy

Jenis Teks 12: SPOOF
Purpose:
To tell an event with a humorous twist and entertain the readers
Generic Structure:
1. Orientation
2. Event(s)
3. Twist
Dominant Language Features:
1. Using Past Tense
2. Using action verb
3. Using adverb
4. Chronologically arranged
Contoh Spoof Text:
12 contoh spoof text
8 cerita lucu bahasa inggris

Jenis Teks 13: NEWS ITEM
Purpose:
To inform readers about events of the day which are considered newsworthy or important
Dominant Generic Structure:
1. Newsworthy event(s)
2. Background event(s)
3. Sources
Dominant Language Features:
1. Short, telegraphic information about story captured in headline
2. Using action verbs
3. Using saying verbs
4. Using adverbs : time, place and manner.
Contoh News Item Text:
Kumpulan contoh news item text

Blog, Updated at: 9/20/2013 01:42:00 PM

47 comments:

  1. Re-check the function of descriptive and explanation, please

    ReplyDelete
  2. Guy, thank for the correction. there is a misplace for the purpose of explanation and descriptive. it has been re-checked.

    ReplyDelete
  3. thanks you for your inform

    ReplyDelete
  4. I am sick for some comments in this text types reviews

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  5. recheck the general struc. of review please and just delete the useless comments above man, its very annoying another viewers..

    ReplyDelete
  6. give more explanation about news item text, specifically in generic structure of news item text,,

    thanks before...

    ReplyDelete
  7. thank you very much I find it very useful.

    ReplyDelete
  8. i can search my task in this site....
    So, i can finish my task from my teacher....
    thank you very much....

    ReplyDelete
  9. thank you very very much....
    i learn so much....

    ReplyDelete
  10. @arumsari, thank for coming. let's build a better understanding about English text types especially to help students in high school to learn English various of text written as it is such the main competence of curriculum

    ReplyDelete
  11. YOU'RE GREAT ABOUT TEXT TYPES!!!

    ReplyDelete
  12. Thank for your compliment. However this post about text types is just designed to help students in understanding what text types look like, how they are composed, what is the generic structure and this just an example. Hopefully the post of example of each type can rise some idea and comment for further discussion. That is why when most of the posts are copied with link included is okey to track back how this understanding several kind of text can be discussed
    But Some bloggers outside really make me sick. Some of them just copies, without asking permission and without giving link source. Even I found some just copy and paste all posts from this blog into one fixed blog without any link source, editing, or other discussion. Ehmm pity them.

    ReplyDelete
  13. Thank you very much
    I can learn more about it ...

    ReplyDelete
  14. well done. its informative. love it totally....

    ReplyDelete
  15. i need the differences both of them !! thanks

    ReplyDelete
  16. @jamiel, the differences of what text types?

    ReplyDelete
  17. sintya dewi7/10/10 4:42 PM

    Some posts are very useful for the Middle School students. Thank you very much..

    ReplyDelete
  18. text types/text genres is much studied in high school... thank for coming

    ReplyDelete
  19. thank you very much..

    now, i can finish my task...

    ReplyDelete
  20. @asri, nice to hear that this text types summary can helps you to finish your English task, however hopefully you have clearer understanding of English text types which are the core topic of high school and finally can create your own text based on the genres.

    ReplyDelete
  21. oh god, you helps me to understanding all kinds of text.

    ReplyDelete
  22. @anonym, thnak for coming to text types. It's nice to hear that it can help you to understand about all kinds of English text which is the core subject of English lesson for high school student. Let discuss more about what is each text types and how it is composed.

    ReplyDelete
  23. I express my heartfelt gratitude to you.It's absolutely kicking.It helps me a lot.

    ReplyDelete
  24. Wow.. Its a complete list.. Thanks admin.. you help me so much..
    please visit my blog also...
    It's about English learning also.
    I just started make it... Need lot of advice.

    www.saburai.us

    ReplyDelete
  25. may i ask the source of your text type?

    ReplyDelete
  26. thank you very much...... I like it

    ReplyDelete
  27. dear the owner, your articles are very good and helpful,, may I download your articles please?
    thanks in advance.

    ReplyDelete
  28. Dear admin,

    I must say you did very well. I learn a lot from your blog. Thanks.

    One comment about the way you say "Thank for your compliment". I think you should have said "thanks for your compliment".

    Comments from others?

    Edi Sunny
    Palembang

    ReplyDelete
  29. All the previous comments have represented what I'm going to say about this blog. So nothing I could say than thank you so much, it's very helpful :)

    ReplyDelete
  30. This text types blog tries to help students or anyone concerning to English basic concept of kinds of text by providing some examples of suggested texts. Hopefully it encourages students to arise more discussion to get better understanding on text genres. Thank for comments

    ReplyDelete
  31. this blog is very good...

    ReplyDelete
  32. great job, thanks may God Bless you all the time. you have done your best for meaningful ways to others

    ReplyDelete
  33. @ all, hopefully, this summary of English genres or kinds of text in English can help students and other who are learning English texts. However it will be good if students are encouraging to make their own text.

    ReplyDelete
  34. I hope the texts are completed with some exercises

    ReplyDelete
  35. just add for thing better hehehhe....would U give and common typical questions for each text types?. If u do, it will be very great in helping student to have exercises in English. Thank you

    ReplyDelete
  36. this post is very important to help me understanding on genre. thank you :D

    ReplyDelete
  37. If you see that these posts of English genres are useful, then let me know your opinion, comment for further discussion of English text types

    ReplyDelete
  38. hopefully we know the references .....
    thank u..

    ReplyDelete
  39. This is excellent and very useful. :) Unfortunately there are a lot of language mistakes, so you might want to check it again, if you have the time. But nonetheless thank you for your great work ;).

    ReplyDelete
  40. can i have your name please,,actually i use this article as reference for my thesis,,so i need the author of the article and also the year the article was published.,,,

    ReplyDelete
  41. excelente trabajo

    ReplyDelete
  42. Ringkasan jenis teks bahasa Inggis nya lumayan bisa membantu memahami seberapa bnyak text bahasa Inggis yang harus dikuasai... thank you

    ReplyDelete
  43. °·♥·♡τнäиκчöü♥·♡·°
    i do need it for my final exams!

    ReplyDelete

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