Situs Belajar Text Inggris, Speaking English, dan Test Listening English

How Chocolate is made; an Example of Explanation text

Posted by Memahami Teks Bahasa Inggris on 12 May 2009

Have we wondered how we get chocolate from? Well this time we will enter the amazing world of chocolate so we can understand exactly how chocolate is made.
Chocolate is taken from a tree called cacao tree. This tree grows in equatorial regions, especially in place such as South America, Africa, and Indonesia. The cacao tree produces a fruit about the size of a small pine apple. In side the fruits are the tree's seeds. They are also known as coco beans.
Next, the beans are fermented for about a week, dried in the sun. After that they are shipped to the chocolate makers. The chocolate makers work  by roasting the beans to bring out the flavour. The beans from different places have different qualities and flavour. So they are often sorted and blended to produce a distinctive mix.
The next process is winnowing. The roasted beans are winnowed to remove the meat nib of the cacao beans from the shell. Then the nibs are blended. The blended nibs are ground to make liquid. The liquid is called chocolate liquor. It tastes bitter.
All seeds contain amount of fat and cacao beans are not different. However, cacao beans are half fats. They are pure bitter chocolates.

Note on the generic structure of this explanation sample.
Every text genre has its special purpose or social function. However if we see the generic structure point, we will get the understanding which both the explanation and procedure text have similar purposes. Both explain how to make or form something. However the procedure text will explain how to form or make something completely by instruction way. That is why most of procedure text is composed in command sentences. In the other hand, explanation text will show a knowledge about how thing is formed.
The above example of explanation text has the following generic structure:
General statement; it is a statement which says about chocolate and how it is formed
Sequenced explanation; it is a series of explanation on how chocolate is formed before we eat. First, the chocolate is coming from the cacao tree. Then it is fermented and ship to the chocolate producer. The cacao bean then are roasted and winnowed.

Blog, Updated at: 5/12/2009 01:47:00 PM


  1. This explanation text sample provided with generic stricture analysis hopefully help student to get better understanding about English text genres, especially an explanation text, which should be studied in high school. Further, this sample of explanation text about how chocolate is made hopefully can encourage students to arrange or make their own text of explanation text

  2. i ask for
    general structure with lexicogrammatical feature

  3. To see the generic structure not general structure and the language feature or the lexicogramatical feature, please see the short lines bellow of an explanation text
    Purpose: To explain the processes involved in the formation or working of natural or socio-cultural phenomena.
    Generic Structure:
    1. General statement
    2. Explanation
    3. Closing
    Dominant Language Features:
    1. Using Simple Present Tense
    2. Using action verbs
    3. Using passive voice
    4. Using noun phrase
    5. Using adverbial phrase
    6. Using technical terms
    7. Using general and abstract noun
    8. Using conjunction of time and cause-effect.

  4. You did NOT do your best..... It still has many mistakes, singular and plural.... allocation, How .... from?....NEVER... It is not possible.....

    You have to continue trying....your English level is still poor..... and talking about how to analyze a text.... Cooking course... course

  5. @Anonymous, hehe Now I think I like the way you've made comments
    Thank you for correction You've written it in vry good English

  6. my teacher argumen thatexample of explanation
    "how chocolate is made" like procedur text.
    so, "how chocolate is made" is example of explanation or example of procedure text???
    please reply

  7. @Anonym, I think you need read the similarity and difference of procedure and explanation text

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  11. Sorry but there are still many mistakes in your grammar, your mistakes are very basic so please fix that dude.

  12. My teacher said this explanation text is very good. Thankyou for help:D


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