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Contoh / Example of Explanation Text about Earthquake

Posted by Memahami Teks Bahasa Inggris on 01 November 2009

How Earthquakes Happen
Earthquake is one of the most destroying natural disasters. Unluckily it often happens in several regions. Recently a horrible earthquake has shaken West Sumatra. It has brought great damages. Why did it occur? Do you know how an earthquake happens?

Earthquakes are usually caused when rock underground suddenly breaks along a fault. This sudden release of energy causes the seismic waves. It make the ground shake. When two blocks of rock or two plates are rubbing against each other, they stick a little. They don't just slide smoothly. The rocks are still pushing against each other, but not moving. After a while, the rocks break because of all the pressure that's built up. When the rocks break, the earthquake occurs.

During the earthquake and afterward, the plates or blocks of rock start moving, and they continue to move until they get stuck again. The spot underground where the rock breaks is called the focus of the earthquake. The place right above the focus is called the epicenter of the earthquake.

Mainly taken from:

Blog, Updated at: 11/01/2009 01:04:00 PM


  1. great site i would definetley come back again

  2. Thank for coming, however I would be more appreciating if u make any notes on this example of explanation text.

  3. la contoh explanation text nya kok gak dikasi pembahasan generic structure dan language feature. Contoh explanation tex nya bagus

  4. iya ne mana generic structure nya dari contoh explanation text ini, butuh ne

  5. The above example of explanation text which describes how an earthquake happens becomes the second most famous kinds of text during this month.
    Most of readers give comments to ask why the above explanation text example does not provide the generic structure analysis. Well, I think it is easy to make a note on the explanation sample above, as it is said in the previous post that an explanation text is giving detain explanation on how something forms,the process of relating to the forming of natural phenomena, in this explanation text sample is the the forming of an earthquake phenomenon.
    The generic structure is as follow:
    GENERAL STATEMENT; from the first paragraph it is what we call of "general statement" of the discussion about an earthquake happening.
    SEQUENCED EXPLANATION,second and third paragraph describe how an earthquake happens. It starts when when a rock underground suddenly breaks along a fault. The sudden release of energy causes the seismic waves. It make the ground shake. The earthquake continues during the time and afterward, the plates or blocks of rock start moving, and they continue to move until they get stuck again.
    The above example of explanation text is mostly written in SIMPLE PRESENT TENSE.

  6. umm,, so start fr the spot underground up to the end is closing?? but i think its not a concluding sentences...

  7. gimme example of conjunctive relation, from the text above..
    well,, im confused to determine it..

  8. yes like the above comment, I find the examples of explanation text are slightly confusing. Some are ended with conclusion but some are not. Which ones are correct?

  9. Thank for the comments to this example of explanation text about earthquake. All text types have different generic structure. However sometime we got confused to see the generic structure of each text types.
    What is exactly explanation text? Explanation text mainly focuses in series of sequenced explanation on how some thing is formed. One sample of explanation will end with concluding statement but the others are not. Which one is correct? Whether an explanation text must end with conclusion or not.
    I find useful source from Google book on text types which states the conclusion in explanation text is optional. We may give a concluding ending or not. That is why some time we find an explanation text is included a concluding statement but some time we do not any concluding statement in the end of explanation text.

  10. Thanks for your great article, i found this page from google about explanation text. Thanks anyway...

  11. Thank for the comment in this explanation text sample

  12. Can you give explanation about the term of generic structure. General statement for explanation and general classification for report text. What is the difference?

  13. thanks y akhirx nemu jg

  14. @icha, nice to hear that this understanding types of text can help you to make better understanding about English text especially what is an explanation text

  15. Thanks a lot...
    I don't need to make it myself..
    Great article anyway..

  16. Thank to see this explanation sample. This text can be used completing your school homework of explanation text. However you are encourage to make your own explanation text to make better understanding in explanation text

  17. ummm i need the general structure of explanation text please

  18. Explanation text is typically answering the question of HOW and WHY. From the purpose of the text, explanation seems very similar to an instruction text but in the way of an explanation not an instruction.
    An explanation text is commonly organized in the generic structure:
    General statement; stating the phenomenon issues which are to be explained.


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